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Op.N设计的盐湖城中心6970重建计划
2013-06-18 13:45:01   来源:   


Proposing a connective and activated public realm for the two blocks of Sixty Nine and Seventy in Salt Lake City, this design by Op.N focuses on three main strategies: connectivity, activation of open and residual spaces, and extension of use. While there are a number of formal connections to and from various parts of the site, a series of informal connection have also been created based on ease of movement and access, possessing an embedded intelligence which needs to be considered. Salt Lake City's growth and development is closely tied to its mining and industrial past, from the early days of the gold rush and mining activity to its current status as the largest industrial banking center in the United States .However, the city has tried in recent years to diversify its economic base to include services and tourism industries, as well as the creative sector.

Op.N事务所设计的盐湖城69和70地块方案,将二者作为公共区域紧密联系在一起。设计集中在三个主要策略:联通性、开放性和剩余空间的再利用。这里有一系列正式或非正式的连接方式。历史上盐湖城的发展都与其煤矿业和工业联系在一起,这个城市经历了过去的淘金热和采矿运动,如今变成了美国最大的工业银行中心。近年来,盐湖城市尝试使其经济基础多元化,发展服务和旅游以及创意产业。


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       Architects 建筑师:Op.N
       Location 地点: Salt Lake City, Utah, United States  盐湖城,犹他州,美国
       Project Team 项目团队: Ali Fard and Ghazal Jafari
       Year 年份: 2013
       Photographs 图片: Courtesy of Op.N

 

 

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With a growing downtown population, a thriving business community, and a vibrant new retail core, the city is in many ways experiencing a renaissance.This project presents an opportunity to unite the growing business/retail center and the enduring historic core of the city with an active cultural and creative nucleus that will enhance the metropolitan aspirations of the city. The site, as it currently stands, is dominated by office buildings, surface parking, and garages, which tend to engulf the more historic and cultural buildings of the area.

随着市中心人口、商业社区和繁荣商业区的不断增加,这个城市正在经历一场经济复兴。这个项目就是在这个发展契机下产生的提供了一个机会去统一不断发展的商业/零售中心和经久不衰的城市历史以及与充满活力的文化和创意产业,这将提高城市的大都市憧憬。规划包括写字楼、地面停车场、车库和各类文化历史建筑。

 

Connectivity: A new ground cover strategy visually stitches together the various circulation spaces into a cohesive and easily recognizable movement surface.In addition, the various informal paths and trajectories that exist within the site are formalized into safe, well-lit spaces for circulation. As a result, a major East-West trajectory emerges which connects the various cultural programs within the site together. This mid-block cultural corridor is regularly intersected by North-South connections, hence creating a porous system of urban circulation that not only connects the various disparate cultural buildings within the site, but also connects the site to its larger context.
 
联通性:新的地面覆盖策略直观的将各种流动空间和易察觉的流动表面联系在一起。另外,这个地块上还有各种小路,保证流通空间的高效性。所以,主要的东西走道联系了各个文化中心。这条中央的文化长廊与南北方向轴线相交,形成了这个地区新的城市流动空间。它们不仅联系了地块内部的文化建筑,还将这个地区与外界大环境联系在一起。
 

In addition to the physical connectivity infrastructure, a new digital information system is introduced, creating a larger connection between the activities of the site, the city, and even the global flows of information. Info-Stations are placed in strategic locations at intersections, major public spaces, and along the cultural corridor, to provide WiFi hotspots as well as information regarding the events within the 69-70 site, ticketing services for these events, city-wide navigation maps, and interactive public transportation schedules.These info-stations and other urban equipment within the site (for seating, lighting, etc.) also provide mobile device charging capabilities through integrated solar panel energy generation. Together, the digital information system and the physical circulation spaces constitute a connective urban fabric that produces and reinforces internal and external connections.
 

除了空间上的联系,这里还将应用一种新的数字信息系统,实现与这座城市乃至世界文化活动的更大联系。这里将会有许多信息站,安置在交叉路口、公共空间和文化长廊沿线,可以提供无线网络热点、购票业务、城市导航和公共交通时间表。这些信息站和这里其他城市基础设施(比如座椅、路灯等)还能提供移动设备充电功能。这个数字信息系统与空间联系将极大地加强这个地区内部以及与外部城市的联系。

 

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          Regent Plaza

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           Main Plaza 主广场

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                      Main Street  大街


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         Plan 平面图
 


Activation of Open and Residual Spaces: The 69-70 site features a large number of residual and undefined open spaces dominated by surface parking. Optimizing the existing parking garages within the area minimizes surface parking, and the facades of parking garages are transformed into active surfaces by introducing green walls, media screens, art walls, and rock climbing walls. In addition, a main public plaza is introduced in each block. 

剩余空间的开放和激活:69-70地区将会容纳许多城市公共停车。设计师将优化现有的停车场,最大限度地减少占地面积,这苦外墙将会被改造成植物墙、媒体屏幕、艺术墙和攀岩墙。此外,每个区块还会有一个主要的公共广场。


The Regent Plaza is programmed as an open cultural space.Reflecting the cultural programming around the area, Regent Plaza can be used as an event space for film screenings (by utilizing the western wall of the parking garage on Regent St), outdoor concerts in the summer, and ice skating in winter.The Main Plaza is carved out of the back of the future building expected at the corner of 100 and Main streets, and creates a mid-block open space for small gatherings, weekend markets, or just a nice place to have lunch on a workday.  In addition, a series of mid-block passageways are introduced as semi-open and seasonal spaces, which can be programmed through a variety of cultural activities such as art shows, presentations, and other public gatherings. 

Regent广场是一个开放的文化空间,反映了这个地区的文化发展。这里可以用来举办夏天的露天电影、音乐会,冬天可以在此滑冰。自己广场将会在100主街拐角处,成为主要的中心开放场地,用于小型集会、周末集市,平时也是工作午餐的好去处。另外,半开放和季节性空间也会规划一些广场,用于各类文化活动,比如艺术展、演讲和其他公共集会。


 

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              Layers Diagram
 

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            cultural path diagram 文化路径

 

Extension of Use: It is important to take into consideration the climatic conditions of SLC when designing open spaces in the city.Hence, the public realm envisioned for the 69-70 site makes use of various heating and cooling strategies to facilitate outdoor programming throughout the year. Heating is provided through in-ground steam valves that generate steam from the run-off water and melting snow to warm up smaller urban pockets, such as Main Plaza in the winter months, while mist poles create a playful cooling effect in Regent Plaza in the summer.In effect, these microclimates extend the use of public spaces seasonally.Given the nature of the 69-70 site, and the cultural, entertainment, and dining oriented activities of the area, it is important to implement a strategy for the night-time activation of the site. In 6970+ this is done through a lighting strategy that creates a set of lively circulation spaces, as well as guiding the pedestrian traffic to specific locations of the site through in-ground lighting techniques.

扩大利用:由于盐湖城气候条件特殊,所以城市开放空间的设计必须考虑采用室外的取暖和降温设备。如主广场的供暖设备主要用于冬季融化积雪,而水雾柱可以在夏季的摄政广场创造出有趣的冷却效果。营造出的公共空间的季节性小气候有助于延长这里的文化、娱乐和餐饮活动。设计师还通过照明策略,建立了一系列生动的夜间循环空间,引导行人交通。


 

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         plaza use scenarios diagram



The Active Surface: The three main strategies mentioned above are implemented through an Active Surface. Imagined as a container that facilitates a variety of temporal activities and events throughout the year, the Active Surface is imagined as a pixelated surface in which each pixel is programmable and responds to a local condition, be it climatic, programmatic or interactive. Pixels are easily interchangeable and create a dynamic and flexible structure for (re)organizing the site and its various design elements. The interaction among pixels generates a whole, which is greater than the sum of its parts by responding not only to specific local conditions but also to larger contextual issues of place making and ecological sensitivity.

活性表面:上面提到的三种主要策略都是通过活性表面来实现的。这个地区被想象成一个容纳各种活动和事件的容器,其表面的每个像素都可根据当地的气候等其他条件来编写。这些像素很容易变换,创建出了一个动态的、灵活的结构,随时可以进行重组。


In practice, the property of each pixel has been defined by introducing a set of variables.These variables include material properties (hard surface or vegetation) as well as operational and geometrical properties. The pixelation, therefore, transforms from a flat condition to three-dimensional form to incorporate a variety of urban equipments, some with singular uses, such as seating and lighting, and some with more complex operational capacities, such as structural support or micro-climate generation.

在实际应用中,每个像素都被引入一组定义好的变量,这些变量包括材料特性(硬质或软质植物材料)和几何形态。这样,每个像素相互组合,用于各种用途,包括座位、照明和一些更复杂的功能设施,比如结构支持或者微气候调节。


Material Strategy: The industrial history of Utah and SLC and their relationship to mining and stone quarries is reflected through the materiality of 6970+. The materials used in the design of 6970+ can be sourced locally from within Utah.The multicolored paving stones of the Active Surfaceare quarried within Utah, while the Corten cladding of the various urban equipment will be sourced from the iron mines of Utah and manufactured within the state.In addition, a new digital layer is added to this materiality through the integration of various information and communication technologies in the design of the urban equipment. The information provided through this digital platform will communicate the events and happenings of the 69-70 site, and will be produced with the help of SLC's creative firms.Coupled with renewable energy generation and reuse and recycling strategies for the runoff water collected from the site, this virtual materiality adds a new layer of intelligence to the material composition of 6970+.In essence, the materiality of 6970+ is imbued with the historical trajectory of SLC and its future as the creative core of Utah and a world-class city.

材料策略:犹他州和盐湖城都与采矿和采石工业密不可分,这个项目也很好的体现了这一点。地面五彩的铺路石产自犹他州,其他城市公共设备表面也都采用了当地铁矿生产的表面涂层。另外,这里的信息系统提供的各种信息也都与盐湖城的各个创意公司有关;还采用了可再生能源发电和雨水回收策略。本质上,69-70项目体现了盐湖城的历史传统,这座城市即将成为犹他州未来的创业中心和世界级的大都市。  

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